Action description

In accordance with its mission, the Coalition of Domestic Observers is observing the preparations and implementation of all aspects of the 25 June 2017 Albanian Assembly Elections.

For Election Day and the counting process, CDO is deploying approximately 1,600 observers that will assess:

-the voting process at 541 randomly selected polling stations across the country;

-the general environment around polling stations, through 180 mobile observers;

-the work of the Zonal Electoral Administration Commissions, through 180 observers;

-the counting process until its conclusion.

The 541 polling stations to be observed during the election day have been selected using a random, stratified, and representative sampling methodology. This sampling methodology enables CDO to generalize Election Day observation findings to provide a nationwide assessment of the process.

2017 Elections – Data



2-3 February 2017, Hotel Tirana International, Tirana


Despite remarkable improvements, Albanian democracy still lacks proper involvement and participation of citizens in the decision making process and efficient mechanisms to hold elected representatives and state officials accountable. Citizens are enabled to express their will through electoral processes, once every few years, processes in which the possibility for effective selection of candidates or candidacies is being narrowed.


To have a discussion on these matters and initiate a public debate on the need to address the regulation of the right of Albanian citizens to participate fully in the decision-making process of the country, KRIIK Albania, in collaboration with the Coalition of Domestic Observers (CDO) are organizing the International Conference “We the People; Citizens’ Participation and Direct Democracy”. The Conference will be realized on 2-3 February 2017, at Hotel Tirana International. An opportunity to exchange opinions on ways to empower Albanian citizens, as an alignment of all actors, both political and civic.


The moment of the organization of this Conference is a good opportunity to address this major matter by the political parties already during the electoral campaign for the 18 June 2017 Parliamentary Elections and follow up by the decision-makers coming out of these elections, especially the governing majority, in the concretization of direct forms of direct democracy, as well as other legal mechanisms that aim to empower the citizens’ will.


The International Conference “We the People; Citizens’ Participation and Direct Democracy” is made possible through the financial support and special contribution of the Embassy of Switzerland in Albania, and the financial support of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Albania and the Embassy of the United Kingdom in Albania.

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The fake assumption of independence of the Institution of Central Election Commission, as a failure of the aspiration of the 2012 Electoral Reform !

S T A T E M E N T *


Download the Full Statement in .pdf 


The Coalition of Domestic Observers is the biggest group of organizations that are most active in the field of elections, that have followed all electoral processes conducted in the country and, under the umbrella of CDO, have also closely followed every electoral process and reform in the country, since 2005.

One of the most important electoral reforms has been the one of 2012, which was conducted after two electoral processes that were strongly contested, the parliamentary elections of 2009 and the local elections of 2011, as well as after an extremely conflicting political environment, especially throughout 2010-2011.


The composition of the Central Election Commission was one of the most debated issues, until the last session of the Ad-Hoc Parliamentary Committee for the 2012 Electoral Reform. This Committee had its mandate renewed twice and extended its activity throughout nine months, in which it held 17 sessions. Its objective was to fulfill the recommendations of OSCE/ODIHR for the elections of 2009 and 2011, one of the most important of which was finding a stable, valid and impartial for all times solution for the CEC.


After the insistence of the Socialist Party, as well as political pressure of the international and domestic stakeholders, to find a composition of the CEC that would ensure its independence, it was reached an agreement on the formula, the one still in force.

    This formula foresees a procedure through which six of the members of the CEC receive political approval and are proposed by political parties, with double candidacies for each vacancy. It is up to the parliament to make a non-political choice among each of the two candidacies for every vacancy.

    Meanwhile, the Chairperson of the CEC should be selected after an open application procedure, through a mechanism that ensures that if there is no agreement among the main parties, SP and DP, the deadlock is solved, but does not avoid political selection by the majority of the moment of the selection.

    This is the formula agreed upon in 2012 as the one closer to the draft proposed by the Socialist Party, which provided the proposal of candidacies by four institutions, and then having a political selection.



The Coalition of Domestic Observers, as the only actor that has followed without interruption since 2012 up to now the process of constitution of the CEC and its activity, as well as all electoral related processes that happened meanwhile,  has publicly criticized the completion of four vacancies of the CEC from proposals of the DP and SP, which, being single candidacies, have “de facto” been appointments, by giving the institution the nature of political balance.


After four years, two general and seven partial electoral processes, the criticism about the unilateral political decision-making of the CEC body has been numerous. High political representatives have also admitted this in their statements.


The assumption of independency of the institution, which has been concluded to be fake, besides having fed the narrow political accusations,  has also delegitimized and deformed the electoral and democratic processes, especially in the context of the fact that the legal framework refers to the CEC and recognizes to it obligations as an independent institution in matters of electoral administration, provision of electoral justice, and control of finances of political parties.



    Along these lines, as a failure of the spirit and aspirations of the 2012 Electoral Reform and as a threat to every reformation legislative process,  is also the process being concluded, for the selection of the new Chairperson of the Central Election Commission.


    On 14 September 2016, the Coalition of Domestic Observers called for a selection process beyond the narrow reading of the law and political interests, as well for giving to the process the right dimension, in the spirit of the Electoral Code, 2012 Electoral Reform, and of the political will expressed in continuity by all parties.

    After the session in which the candidates were interviewed, on 17 October 2016, through another Statement,   the Coalition has called upon the Parliamentary Committee for Legal Matters to reopen the call for the position of the Chairperson, in case the selection of two candidacies with 2/3 of the membership of the Committee would not be reached, as the law requires both in spirit and in letter.



The way the process has developed to date, concluding in two candidacies that will go into the plenary session tomorrow, as well as the lack of sensitivity toward the concerns raised and the spirit of the law itself, by the Parliamentary Committee and, especially, the Majority, is an indicator that is not positive at all with regard to the aspirations of the 2012 Electoral Reform for an Independent Institution, and it raises serious questions not only for the due administration of future electoral processes, but especially on the impartiality of imparting electoral justice, ensuring control over the finances of political parties and due fulfillment of obligations in the enforcement of the decriminalization law.


Under these conditions, in the work of the Ad-Hoc Parliamentary Committee for the Electoral Reform acting now, it must be of the uttermost importance addressing the matter of the status of the Chairperson of the CEC and of the collegiality of the body of the CEC.


Moreover, in line with the will expressed for the de-politicization of the electoral administration, regardless of the little time available, would be indispensable the de-politicization and the review of the status of the Central Election Commission.


This emergency is charged to all Parliamentary Factors, which must see the need for a re-conceptualization of this Institution not simply limited in the acceptance or not of the future electoral process results, but as the future of it as well as a permanent division from the policies of politicization and having every independent institution under control,  of non  providing a truly free and fair process to the country, as well from the policies of meaningless endeavor and discussions toward building a truly democratic and of rule of law state, in which independent institutions constitute its main pillars.


Tirana, on 2 November2016!



* This Statement is published in Albanian and in English.

The Albanian version is the only official document.

ANNOUNCEMENT - Series of Round tables on Electoral Corruption and Citizens Participation - 19-22 December 2016!

The parliamentary elections of 18 June 2017; challenges and responsibilities of the stakeholders in the actual politic-institutional context and the risks the process faces !

Progress of the by-elections in the Municipality of Kolonja and the impingement of expectations for local governance !

Activists of Albanian Coalition of Domestic Observers observe the Presidential Elections in Moldova of October 30th, in the frame of International Elections Observation Mission of ENEMO !

The immediate start of the work by the Ad-Hoc Parliamentary Committee, indispensable for avoiding the failure of the process for the Electoral Reform !

© Koalicioni i Vezhguesve Vendore